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Abu Dhabi Firm Set to Acquire Significant Stake in Zambia’s KCM

Abu Dhabi Firm Set to Acquire Significant Stake in Zambia's KCM

The mining investment arm of Abu Dhabi’s most valuable company has offered to buy a majority stake in Vedanta Resources‘ Zambian copper assets, in its drive to build an African copper mining empire.

The unit of International Holding Company, recently made an offer of more than US$1 billion to buy a 51% stake in Konkola Copper Mines (KCM) from Indian billionaire Anil Agarwal-owned Vedanta.

The unit – International Resources Holding (IRH) – is racing to broaden its burgeoning copper mining business in Zambia after buying a 51% stake in Mopani Copper Mines in a deal worth US$1.1 billion. IRH said last month it planned to bid for a stake owned by EMR Capital in Lubambe Copper Mine, which is also for sale.

The deals spree is part of a push by oil-rich United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Saudi Arabia to secure critical metal supplies from Africa, a move that could also help them participate in the transition to green energy.

The IRH offer for a controlling stake is non-binding and talks are ongoing. Vedanta might balk at giving up a majority interest in KCM as it has always wanted the assets on its balance sheet.

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“IRH is deeply committed to strategically expanding its presence in the copper mining sector, exemplified by our interest in multiple assets.”

Vedanta wants to sell part of its 80% stake in KCM and has hired Standard Chartered to manage the process in an effort to raise capital to revive the assets, which were nearly paralysed in an ownership dispute with the government that erupted in 2019 when the then-administration seized them.

The Zambian government owns 20% of KCM through state firm ZCCM-IH.

Stanchart issued a “request for proposals” seeking investors interested in buying a minority interest in KCM, the sources said. IRH is only interested in a controlling stake in KCM as there are no clear benefits in becoming a passive investor in the operations, the sources said, as they are not making money and need significant investment.

Asked for comment, Vedanta said Stanchart was assisting in a “broader strategy to manage its capital structure and ensure the company has the funds necessary to meet its obligations and continue operations again.”

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“As part of this process, we are engaging with prospective partners for both short-term financing and longer-term equity financing but cannot disclose the names of these partners or investors due to the sensitive stage these discussions have reached.”

Vedanta recently regained control of the assets after protracted legal battles, including international arbitration, with the previous Zambian government which seized the copper mines and smelting plant after accusing the company of failing to invest in expanding copper production.

The legal squabbles, which erupted following the May 2019 government-forced liquidation of KCM, starved the operations of fresh capital and nearly brought them to a standstill.

Now Vedanta wants to raise about US$1 billion to invest in the assets over the next five years and an additional US$300 million to pay off outstanding local creditors, Chris Griffith, the CEO of Vedanta’s base metals unit said in February.

Much of the funding is required to advance the Konkola Deep Mining Project, an underground operation, which holds one of the world’s richest copper deposits.

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Vedanta is open to selling either a minority or majority stake and the company is seeing interest from various investors.

A rally in copper prices is likely to fuel investors’ interest in the assets, but they may be unnerved by tough conditions including removing groundwater from the Konkola Deep underground operation.

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